A Lawyer's History of Malta

Home Key Milestones
Key Milestones

The following is a summary of the key milestones in the Maltese Nation's history:

Year

Event

Before 4000 BC

Arrival of Man in Malta

c. 3400 BC

Introduction of copper to Malta

c. 2000 BC

First invasion of bronze-using people

c. 1400 BC

Second invasion of bronze-using people

c. 900-800 BC

The Iron Age

c. 800-480 BC

Phoenician colonization of Malta

c. 480-218 BC

Carthaginian domination of Malta

218 BC

Malta incorporated in the Roman Republic

60 AD

St Paul shipwrecked in Malta

117-138

Maltese islands made Municipalities

395-870

Byzantine domination of Malta

870

Invasion of Malta by Aghlabite Arabs

1090

Normans invade Malta

1194-1266

Swabian domination of Malta (German)

1266-1283

Angevin domination of Malta (French)

1283-1412

Aragonese domination of Malta (Spanish)

1530

Military Order of St John takes possession

1565

Great Siege of Malta

1566

Foundation of Valletta (capital city of Malta)

1642

First printing press in Malta

1675-1676

Plague in Malta killing 11,300 people from a population of 60,000

1676

Foundation of School of Anatomy and Surgery at the Sacra Infermeria

1768

Jesuits expelled from Malta

1775

Rising of the priests against the Order

1784

Promulgation of the code of law "Diritto Municipale" by Grand Master DeRohan

1798

The French under Napoleon occupy Malta

Rising of the Maltese against the French

1799

Britain takes Malta under its protection in the name of the King of the Two Sicilies

1800

The French capitulate. Malta under the protection of the British Crown

1802

Peace of Amiens: Malta was to be returned to the Order of St John

1813

Plague epidemic in Malta

1814

Treaty of Paris: Malta becomes a British Colony

1835

First Council of Government established

1883

Malta Railway officially opened

1896

Inauguration of electricity in Malta

1904

Tram service inaugurated

1914-1918

World War I

1919

Sette Giugno riots against the British

1920

Foundation of the Society of Maltese Writers to establish and standardise an official Maltese orthography

1921

Malta granted Self-Government: Opening of first Maltese Parliament

1923

Innu Malti (Maltese national anthem) played for first time

1931

Closure of Malta railway

1933

Constitution suspended: Crown Colony Government as in 1813

1934

Maltese and English become official languages

1936

Constitution provides for nominated members to Executive Council

1939

Council of Government to be elected

1940

First air raids on Malta in World War II

1941

Maltese National Anthem officially recognised

1942

King George VI awards the People of Malta the George Cross for Gallantry during World War II

1942

Royal Opera House in Valletta razed to the ground with bombing

1946

National Assembly resulting in 1947 Constitution

1947

Restoration of Self-Government: Labour Party wins government

1958

Mr Dom Mintoff, PM, resigns and opposition decline to form government. Governor assumes direct administration

1961

Blood Constitution provides for a measure of self-government for the "State" of Malta

1962

Nationalist Party wins government

1964

Malta gains independence from Britain and becomes a sovereign and independent state within the British Commonwealth

1966

Nationalist Party retains government

1968

Establishment of the Central Bank of Malta

1971

Malta Labour Party wins government

1971

Sir Anthony Mamo becomes the first Maltese Governor-General

1972

Malta enters into a military base agreement with Britain and other NATO countries

1972

Malta changes to decimal currency

1973

Malta establishes its national airlines: Air Malta

1974

Malta becomes a Republic: Maltese Parliament passes amendment to Constitution by more than two-thirds majority. Governor-General, Sir Anthony Mamo, becomes the first President of Malta

1976

Malta Labour Party retains government

1979

Military base agreement is terminated. After 180 years presence in Malta, British Services leave

1981

Malta Labour Party wins majority of seats but Nationalist Party wins majority of first count votes and boycotts Parliament

1987

Nationalist Party wins government after 16 years in opposition

1987

Constitution amended: a party with overall majority of first count votes but minority of seats be awarded as many seats as it requires to be able to form government with a majority of one

1989

Constitution amended to provide for dual citizenship

1992

Nationalist Party retains government

1994

Commission for the Administration of Justice set up

1996

Constitution amended so that a party with less than overall majority of votes but more votes than a second party and less seats than the second, gains government with a majority of one

1996

Malta Labour Party wins government

1998

Government loses vote of confidence: Nationalist Party wins government at early elections with 35 seats in a 65-member parliament

2003

8 March: The Yes vote wins a 54% majority in the Referendum to establish whether Malta should accept the invitation to join the European Union

2003

12 April: Nationalist Party is returned to government having won 51.8% of votes at a general election retaining the same 5-seat majority

2003

16 April: Prime Minister Dr Eddie Fenech Adami and Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr Joe Borg sign the EU Accession Treaty in Athens, Greece. The Treaty enters into force on 1 May 2004 when Malta formally becomes a full member of the European Union

2004

1 May: Malta becomes a full member of the European Union

2007

Nationalist Party wins the election and retains government.

2008

1 Jan: Malta joins the Eurozone and adopts the Euro as its currency.



AddThis Social Bookmark Button
 

0 Comments

Add Comment